Thursday, May 17, 2018

The structure of words

Many words in English have a recognisable internal structure. For
example, the word unsuccessful can be broken down into the following three parts:

                        un + success + ful

The first part, un-, is called the prefix. The second part – success – is a complete word in itself, and is called the base. The last part, -ful, is called the suffix.

                         Prefix          Base         Suffix  

                         un               success        ful      

Prefixes and suffixes are added to existing words to create new words.



There-sentences

There-sentences are introduced by the word there:

 There  is a man at the door.

  There  is a God after all.

 There  was a phonecall for you.

 There  is no such thing as a popular tax.

There-sentences are chiefly used to introduce new information 
relating to
the existence – or non-existence – of some state of affairs. For this reason they are sometimes called ‘existential’ sentences.

The word there in these constructions should be distinguished from the adverb there, which denotes place:

     There   he is. (cf. He is there.)